219–37: Jupiter’s Wake-up Call

1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 156.     How does Jupiter respond to Iarbas’ prayer? Does he listen to his son?

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 157.     Just like Iarbas in 209, Virgil calls Jupiter Omnipotens (220): is the epithet ‘all-powerful’ entirely justified? Put differently, in what ways are the powers of Jupiter limited in the Aeneid?

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 158.     Identify the six imperatives in lines 223–26.

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 159.     At 224–26, Jupiter gives Mercury the order to have a word with Aeneas: Dardaniumque ducem Tyria Karthagine qui nunc/ exspectat fatisque datas non respicit urbes/ adloquere. Analyse the design of these lines and try to describe the tone in which Jupiter comments on the Trojan leader’s current doings.

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 160.     At 4.227–31 (non illum nobis genetrix pulcherrima talem/ promisit Graiumque ideo bis uindicat armis/ sed fore qui grauidam imperiis belloque frementem/ Italiam regeret, genus alto a sanguine Teucri/ proderet, ac totum sub leges mitteret orbem) Jupiter comments to Mercury on what he claims to have been promised by Venus. The lines recall and rework 1.235–37, where Venus accosts Jupiter to remind him of what he had promised to her: hinc fore ductores, reuocato a sanguine Teucri,/ qui mare, qui terras omnis dicione tenerent,/ pollicitus [sc. es] (‘you promised that from Teucer’s restored blood-line should come leaders, who hold the sea and all lands under their rule…’). Compare and contrast the two passages and appreciate their humour!

6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 161.     Parse Graium (228).

7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 162.     Explore the significance of gloria (232), laus (233) and labor (233) in Rome’s political culture and the significance of their use here.

8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 163.     What do you make of Jupiter’s (rhetorical?) question that Aeneas lives it up in Carthage because he begrudges his son a glorious future? (234: Ascanione pater Romanas inuidet arces?)

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 164.     Identify and comment on the metrical peculiarity in 235: aut qua spe inimica in gente moratur.

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 165.     Analyse the stylistic design of nec prolem Ausoniam et Lauinia respicit arua? (236).

11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 166.     Parse nauiget! and esto (237).

Source: https://aeneid4.theclassicslibrary.com/2012/11/29/219-37%e2%80%82jupiters-wake-up-call/