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198–218: In Dad I Tru$t

1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 146.     Virgil begins this section with Iarbas’ genealogy. What kind of ablative is Hammone (198)? And how does Iarbas’ mother feature in the text?

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 147.     Analyse the design of lines 199–202 (templa Ioui centum latis immania regnis,/ centum aras posuit uigilemque sacrauerat ignem,/ excubias diuum aeternas, pecudumque cruore/ pingue solum et uariis florentia limina sertis), with special attention to the three chiastic patterns in the passage.

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 148.     What is the position of Iarbas’ hands as he prays to Jupiter (cf. 205: manibus … supinis)?

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 149.     Analyse the structure of Iarbas’ prayer to Jupiter (206–18) and try to define the tone in which he presents his case to the supreme divinity (who also happens to be his father). What are the rhetorical devices, what the arguments he employs to stir Jupiter into action?

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 150.     How does Iarbas gradually sap Jupiter of his powers in the rhetorical question at 208–10 (an te, genitor, cum fulmina torques/ nequiquam horremus, caecique in nubibus ignes/ terrificant animos et inania murmura miscent?)? (You may wish to pay attention to the distribution of Jupiter’s agency across subordinate and main clauses.)

6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 151.     Iarbas notion that Carthage is a city of pitiful size (211–12: urbem/ exiguam) is at variance with the description of the building works undertaken by Dido, both at 1.365–66 and 4.88–89 (even if they are said to have ceased in the latter passage). What may account for the contrast?

7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 0 152.     What kind of ablative is pretio (212)?

8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 153.     Explore the implications of Iarbas’ use of dominus with reference to Aeneas (214).

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 154.     Catalogue and classify the insults that Iarbas hurls Aeneas’ way in 215–17. What stylistic devices does he use to make his abuse even more cutting?

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 155.     Explain the syntax of rapto (217).

Source: https://aeneid4.theclassicslibrary.com/2012/11/29/198-218%E2%80%82in-dad-i-trut/